2017 Scented Daffodil Trial

Fragrant daffodils deliver an uplifting joy and bring an unadulterated cheer into the spring garden; these scented daffodils can brighten your view and gladden your heart.  Many daffodil cultivars are listed as being scented, but some daffodil cultivars are more perfumed and more pleasing than others.

In 2016, I decided to run a Scented Daffodil Trial, to showcase the most beautifully scented, long flowering daffodils.  I chose 20 different daffodil cultivars, all of which were listed as being fragrant.  50 bulbs of each chosen daffodil cultivar were planted.  I monitored the daffodils, noting down when each daffodil cultivar started flowering, I noted the number of flowering stems that each group of 50 bulbs produced, the lengths of the daffodils’ flowering stems, the number of flowers produced per stem, and when each group of daffodils finished flowering.

I selected multi flowered, resilient daffodil cultivars to grow for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, all of which were listed as producing scented flowers.  The flowering stems produced by my trialled daffodil cultivars have less of a tendency of either bending or snapping in the wind, or breaking under the weight of their flowers, as many of the single, large flowered daffodils have a tendency to do.  All of the daffodil cultivars grown for this trial produce multiple flowers on each flowering stem, this creates a more balanced and resilient flowering stem.  These multi-flowered daffodil cultivars produce a greater number of flowers than single flowered daffodil cultivars, and consequently provide a more resilient, longer lasting flowering display in the garden.

I hope that the results from my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial will help you to find delightfully scented daffodils to plant this autumn, which will bring you joyful flowers and fragrance to savour next spring.

Here are the results of my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial:

Scented daffodils

All of the daffodil cultivars grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial were chosen for this trial as they were described as being scented.  I chose to purchase the daffodil bulbs that were grown for this trial from Jacques Amand International and Crocus, so I could be sure of growing quality daffodil bulbs.

The majority of the daffodil bulbs grown for this trial were purchased from Jacques Amand International, a company that sell quality, top-sized bulbs.  50 bulbs of each daffodil cultivar were planted for the trial.  I included the following daffodil cultivars in my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial:

I purchased the following daffodil bulbs from Crocus:

  • Narcissus canaliculatus
  • Narcissus ‘Curlew’
  • Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’
  • Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’
  • Narcissus ‘Sailboat’
  • Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’

I purchased the following daffodil bulbs from Jacques Amand International:

  • Narcissus ‘Avalanche’
  • Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’
  • Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’
  • Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’
  • Narcissus ‘Geranium’
  • Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’
  • Narcissus ‘Hawera’
  • Narcissus ‘Hillstar’
  • Narcissus ‘Martinette’
  • Narcissus ‘Minnow’
  • Narcissus ‘Prom Dance’
  • Narcissus ‘Pueblo’
  • Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’
  • Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’

Planting the daffodils

All of the daffodil bulbs included in my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial were planted on the 9th October 2016, with the exceptions of Narcissus ‘Sailboat’ and Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’, which were planted on the 12th October 2016.

The daffodil bulbs grown for this trial were planted directly in the soil.  50 bulbs of each daffodil cultivar trialled were planted.  Below you can see photographs of 3 of each of the 50 bulbs that were planted for each daffodil cultivar that was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

Pictured are 3 of each trialled daffodil cultivar’s bulbs, all of these daffodil cultivars were grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

Dalefoot Composts Double Strength Wool Compost

Dalefoot Composts Double Strength Wool Compost was added as a mulch over the trials area where the daffodils were planted.

Dalefoot Composts Double Strength Wool Compost is a highly concentrated compost, made from a powerful blend of natural, peat free ingredients.  This superb compost can be used in many different ways – combining double strength compost with spent compost can create a viable growing medium – I have successfully grown high quality vegetables in a mix of 50% Dalefoot Double Strength Wool Compost, and 50% spent compost.  When this same spent compost was used alone, it was unable to sustain vegetable growth much beyond germination.

Dalefoot Double Strength Wool Compost is ideal for top dressing containers.  This compost is also a great choice for using as a mulch in beds and borders, where it will add nutrients and help to improve the soil, Dalefoot Double Strength Wool Compost works as a magnificent ingredient as part of a personalised compost blend.

For the 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Dalefoot Double Strength Wool Compost was used as a mulch, it was simply spread over the soil surface, where the compost suppressed weed growth, increased the moisture holding capacity of the soil, and added extra nutrients to the soil.  As I used Dalefoot Double Strength Wool Compost to mulch the ground where the bulbs were planted, I didn’t need to apply any additional feed or fertiliser to the daffodils, as the compost provided all the nutrients the plants required.

Weather

None of the scented daffodils grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial received any protection from the weather, however warm, cold, or windy it was outdoors.

My 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, pictured on the 12th January 2017.

During the time frame from October 2016 through until June 2017, while these daffodils were growing for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, the plants endured a number of storms and periods where the weather was extremely windy.  All of the daffodil cultivars grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial proved to be resilient cultivars, which withstood the wind and any adverse weather conditions.

Flowering

The daffodil cultivars included in this trial usually flower from March to May each year.  The earliest flowering daffodils listed were Narcissus ‘Martinette’, and N. ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’,  which are both listed as flowering from March to April, and the latest flowering daffodils listed were Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’, N. ‘Hawera’, and N. ‘Hillstar’, which are all listed as flowering from April to May.

The first daffodil grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial to come into flower was Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’, which opened its first flowers on the 5th March 2017.

This is the first of the scented daffodil cultivars grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial to flower. This Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ bloom opened on the 5th March 2017. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ bulbs from Crocus.
Narcissus ‘Minnow’ pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Minnow’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International. Narcisuss ‘Minnow’ started flowering on the 15th March 2017.

On the 15th March 2017, the second round of daffodils grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial opened their flowers, these daffodils were Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ and Narcissus ‘Minnow’.

This was the first Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ flower grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial to open. Pictured on the 15th March 2017. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.

On the 16th March 2017, the fourth daffodil cultivar – Narcissus ‘Martinette’ opened its first flowers.

Narcissus ‘Martinette’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Martinette’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International. Narcissus ‘Martinette’ started flowering on the 16th March 2017.

The fifth daffodil cultivar to come into flower was Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’, which started flowering on the 18th March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ purchased from Crocus for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ started flowering on the 18th March 2017.

On the 22nd March 2017, the sixth daffodil cultivar, Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ came into bloom.

Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ was purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ was the first of its type to open, pictured on the 22nd March 2017.

On the 25th March 2017, the seventh daffodil cultivar, Narcissus ‘Avalanche’ opened its first flowers.

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Avalanche’ started flowering on the 25th March 2017.

A number of daffodil cultivars began flowering on the 26th March 2017: Narcissus canaliculatus, Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’, Narcissus ‘Curlew’, Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, and Narcissus ‘Sailboat’.

Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus canaliculatus was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil species started flowering on the 26th March 2017.
Purchased from Jacques Amand International, Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’, was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.
Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus ‘Curlew’, was grown my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.
Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus ‘Sailboat’, were grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.
Purchased from Jacques Amand International, Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.

On the 31st March 2017, Narcissus ‘Geranium’, Narcissus ‘Hawera’, Narcissus ‘Prom Dance’, and Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’, all opened their first flowers.

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Geranium’ started flowering on the 31st March 2017.
Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Hawera’ started flowering on the 31st March 2017.
Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Prom Dance’, started flowering on the 31st March 2017.
Purchased from Jacques Amand International, Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’, was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 31st March 2017.

On the 6th April 2017, Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ opened its first flowers.

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ’Silver Chimes’, started flowering on the 6th April 2017.

On the 8th April 2017, Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’ opened its first flowers.

Purchased from Crocus, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’, started flowering on the 8th April 2017.

Finally, on the 14th April 2017, Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’ opened its first flowers.

Purchased from Jacques Amand International and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’ started flowering on the 14th April 2017.

Colour Changing Daffodils

The flowers of many daffodil cultivars change in colour as they age.  Here are photographs of the daffodil cultivars, which were grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, which produce colour changing blooms

Narcissus ‘Curlew’

Narcissus ‘Curlew’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar produces flowers which open featuring a lemon yellow trumpet, which ages to white – the trumpet ages to match the outer petals perfectly.
Narcissus ‘Curlew’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial as the daffodils’ trumpets start to age from lemon yellow to white.
Narcissus ‘Curlew’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as an older flower which has faded to white.

Narcissus ‘Pueblo’

Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as a newly opened, yellow coloured flower.
Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as a slightly older flower, which now features white petals and yellow coronas or cups.
Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as a slightly older flower, with yellow coronas or cups, which are fading from a bright lemon yellow to pale lemon in colour.
Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as a slightly older flower, which now features white petals and yellow coronas or cups.
Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as an older flower, which is now white in colour. The smaller daffodils you see pictured, are also Narcissus ‘Pueblo’ flowers, these are a little younger, so consequently these daffodils still feature white petals and yellow coronas, or cups.
Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as an older flower, which is now white in colour.
Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as an older flower, which is now white in colour.
Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as an older flower, which is now white in colour.

Narcissus ‘Sailboat’

Narcissus ‘Sailboat’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, when its yellow flowers were just opening.
Narcissus ‘Sailboat’ grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.
Narcissus ‘Sailboat’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. At this point in the daffodil flower’s development, the petals have faded to white as they age. The corona, or daffodil cup, is still yellow at this stage of development.
Narcissus ‘Sailboat’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. At this point in the flower’s development, the daffodil flowers have all turned a beautiful tone of white.

Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’

Narcissus ’Silver Chimes’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as its flowers were just opening. At this time in the daffodil flower’s development, the Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ flower has white petals and a pale, lemon yellow corona or cup.
Narcissus ’Silver Chimes’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as its flowers were newly opened. At this time in the daffodil flower’s development, the Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ flower has white petals and a pale, lemon yellow corona or cup.
Narcissus ’Silver Chimes’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, with older flowers. At this time in the daffodil flower’s development, the Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ flower has white petals and a cream coloured corona or cup.
Narcissus ’Silver Chimes’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as its flowers had been open for a little while. At this time in the daffodil flower’s development, the Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ flower has white petals and a pale, lemon yellow corona or cup which is fading and becoming paler in colour as the flower ages.

Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’

Narcissus ’Grand Primo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, just as its flowers were opening. At this time, the newly opened flowers featured white petals, and a lemon yellow corona, or cup.
Narcissus ’Grand Primo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, just as its flowers were opening. At this time, the newly opened flowers featured white petals, and a lemon yellow corona, or cup.
Narcissus ’Grand Primo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. As the flowers have aged, the cups, also known as coronas, have faded to white.
Narcissus ’Grand Primo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. As the flowers have aged, the cups, also known as coronas, have faded to white.

Similar looking daffodil cultivars

Some of the daffodil cultivars grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced similar looking flowers.  By comparing the results from my trial, I can show you which of these similar looking cultivars flowered for longer, or produced more flowers during my trial, to help you to select the most floriferous daffodil cultivars for your garden.

Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus ‘Curlew’, was grown my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Curlew’, Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, and Narcissus ‘Sailboat’ produce similar looking flowers, each of which fade from yellow to white as they age.  Narcissus ‘Curlew’, Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, and Narcissus ‘Sailboat’ are all jonquil daffodils, which are listed under Division 7 of the Royal Horticultural Society’s Daffodil Classification System.

Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus ‘Sailboat’, were grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.

During my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial I found that Narcissus ‘Pueblo’ produced more flowering stems and a greater number of flowers than either Narcissus ‘Curlew’ or Narcissus ‘Sailboat’.  From the 50 Narcissus ‘Pueblo’ bulbs which were grown for my trial, 140 flowering stems were produced, creating a display that featured 420 flowers, which lasted for 40 days.

Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as an older flower, which is now white in colour.
Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as an older flower, which is now white in colour. The smaller daffodils you see pictured, are also Narcissus ‘Pueblo’ flowers, these are a little younger, so consequently these daffodils still feature white petals and yellow coronas, or cups.
This table shows information on the flowering of Narcissus ‘Curlew’, Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, and Narcissus ‘Sailboat’ during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. As you can see, Narcissus ‘Pueblo’ produced the greater number of flowering stems, the greater number of flowers and the tallest stem length of these 3 daffodil cultivars. Narcissus ‘Pueblo’ and Narcissus ‘Sailboat’ both flowered for an equally long time, both flowering for 40 days.
Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’, pictured flowering during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.

Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’, Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’, and Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’ produce similar looking, double flowers.  All of these aforementioned daffodil cultivars are classified as double daffodil cultivars, which are listed under Division 4 of the Royal Horticultural Society’s Daffodil Classification System.

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’, was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.
Purchased from Crocus, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’, started flowering on the 8th April 2017.

During my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, I found that Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ produced a greater number of flowering stems and a greater number of flowers than either Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’, or Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’.

The 50 Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ bulbs which were planted for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, produced a display of 73 flowering stems, which featured an average of 4 flowers per flowering stem, creating a feature comprised of 292 flowers, giving a display of daffodil flowers that lasted for 48 days.  The flowers produced by Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ created the longest lasting display of daffodil blooms of all the daffodils grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

This table displays information on the flowering of Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’, Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’, and Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’ – 3 similar looking daffodil cultivars, grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. As you can see, Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ flowers for longer, produced more flowering stems and more flowers than Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’ and Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’.
I purchased Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ from Crocus for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ started flowering on the 18th March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Avalanche’, Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’, and Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ are 3 similar looking, white flowered, tazetta daffodil cultivars, from Division 8 of the Royal Horticultural Society’s Daffodil Classification System.  During my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, I found that Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ produced more flowers than either Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ or Narcissus ‘Avalanche’.

Narcissus ’Silver Chimes’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.

Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ produced 42 flowering stems, featuring an average of 7 flowers per flowering stem, this created a display of 294 flowers, which lasted for 32 days.

This table shows information on the flowering of Narcissus ‘Avalanche’, Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’, and Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. As you can see, Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ produced the greater number of flowering stems, but thanks to the large number of individual flowers per stem, Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ produced the most flowers. Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ also has the tallest stem of these 3 daffodil cultivars. Narcissus ‘Avalanche’ flowered for the longest period – nearly a week longer than the other 2.
Purchased from Jacques Amand International and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Avalanche’ started flowering on the 25th March 2017.
Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 5th March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’, Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’, and Narcissus ‘Martinette’ are fairly similarly coloured tazetta daffodil cultivars, from Division 8 of the Royal Horticultural Society’s Daffodil Classification System.  During my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, I found that Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ produced a greater number of flowers than either Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ or Narcissus ‘Martinette’.  Indeed Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ produced more flowers than any of the other daffodil cultivars grown during this trial.

The 50 Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ bulbs grown for my trial produced 119 flowering stems, which each featured an average of 10 flowers, this accumulated into a display of 1,190 flowers, which lasted for 44 days!

This table shows information on the flowering of Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’, Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’, and Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’, during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. As you can see, Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ far outstripped the other two varieties in the number of flower it produced, thanks to its average of 10 flowers per stem. Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ also produced a good display, with the most flowering stems and nearly 800 individual flowers. Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ also maintained the display for a full 10 days longer than the other two varieties.

It’s important to note that Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ produced the greatest number of flowering stems of all of the 20 daffodil cultivars grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, producing 146 flowering stems, each flowering stem produced an average of 5 flowers, creating an impressive display of 730 flowers, which lasted for 45 days!

Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ was purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ started flowering on the 22nd March 2017.

Although not quite as notable, Narcissus ‘Martinette’ is a great daffodil, from the 50 bulbs grown for the trial, this daffodil cultivar produced 53 flowering stems, each flowering stem featured an average of 3 flowers.  This accumulated into a show of 159 flowers, which lasted for 35 days.

Narcissus ‘Martinette’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Martinette’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.

Daffodils for impact

Daffodils are beautiful.  But some daffodil cultivars give more of a visual impact to the garden than others.  If you’re looking for daffodils to add a real punch to your planting and to create a wow factor in your garden, you might like to consider these daffodils.

Daffodil cultivars that produce large, single, showy flowers have the tendency of their flowering stems bending, breaking, or snapping in the wind.  Sometimes these single flowered daffodils’ stems just break under the weight of their large flowers, which become very heavy after rainfall.

I selected multi flowered, resilient daffodil cultivars for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.  The flowering stems produced by these chosen daffodil cultivars have less of a tendency of either bending or snapping.  All of the daffodil cultivars grown for this trial produce multiple flowers on each flowering stem, this creates a more balanced and resilient flowering stem.  These multi-flowered daffodil cultivars produce more flowers, and consequently provide a longer lasting flowering display in the garden.

Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’

Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 5th March 2017.

Of the daffodil cultivars grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ produced the greatest number of flowers.  From the 50 bulbs planted for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ produced 119 flowering stems, which featured 1,190 flowers, creating a display which lasted for 44 days!

Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 5th March 2017.
This chart shows the total number of flowers produced by each daffodil cultivar at the peak of each daffodil cultivar’s flowering period. This information gives an indication of the impact of the display you could expect, should you wish to plant any of these daffodil bulbs. Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ has a huge display of over a thousand flowers, with Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ coming second, then at the other end of the scale, Narcissus ‘Curlew’ and Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’ produced fewer flowers than all of the other daffodil cultivars in my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’

Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ was purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ started flowering on the 22nd March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ produced the most flowering stems out of all of the 20 daffodil cultivars grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial – the 50 Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ bulbs grown during the trial produced 146 flowering stems, with an average of 5 flowers per flowering stem, totalling 730 flowers, creating a display which lasted for 45 days!

Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ was purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ started flowering on the 22nd March 2017.
This chart shows the number of flowering stems at the peak flowering period for each daffodil cultivar. 50 bulbs of each daffodil cultivar were planted. Some daffodil cultivars provide a greater flowering impact than others – Narcissus canaliculatus and Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’ only had half of the bulbs flower (the rest came up blind). Whereas Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ and Narcissus ‘Pueblo’ produced almost 3 flowering stems from each bulb planted.

Narcissus ‘Pueblo’

Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as a slightly older flower, which now features white petals and yellow coronas or cups.
Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as an older flower, which is now white in colour.

Narcissus ‘Pueblo’ produced 140 flowering stems during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, each flowering stem produced an average of 3 flowers, resulting in 420 flowers being produced by the 50 bulbs grown for my trial, creating a colour changing display, which aged from lemon yellow to white, and lasted for 40 days.

Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as an older flower, which is now white in colour.

Narcissus ‘Hawera’

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Hawera’ started flowering on the 31st March 2017.

The flowers of Narcissus ‘Hawera’ have a luminescent quality, which bring a golden glow and shine to the spring garden, giving light to even the darkest day.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Hawera’ that were grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced 119 flowering stems, each flowering stem featured an average of 4 flowers.  Meaning that together the 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Hawera’ created a display of 476 flowers, which lasted for 36 days.

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Hawera’ started flowering on the 31st March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Sailboat’

Narcissus ‘Sailboat’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. At this point in the flower’s development, the daffodil flowers have all turned a beautiful tone of white.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Sailboat’ grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced 110 flowering stems, with an average of 2 flowers per flowering stem, creating a colour changing display of 220 flowers, which aged from lemon yellow to white, and continued for 40 days.

Narcissus ‘Sailboat’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. At this point in the daffodil flower’s development, the petals have faded to white as they age. The corona, or daffodil cup, is still yellow at this stage of development.

Narcissus ‘Prom Dance’

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Prom Dance’, started flowering on the 31st March 2017.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Prom Dance’ grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, produced 105 flowering stems, with an average of 2 flowers per flowering stem, generating a display of 210 flowers, which lasted for 40 days.

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Prom Dance’, started flowering on the 31st March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Geranium’

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Geranium’ started flowering on the 31st March 2017.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Geranium’ that were grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced 70 flowering stems, featuring an average of 5 flowers per flowering stem, which together produced a display of 350 flowers, which lasted for 39 days.

Narcissus ‘Geranium’ was much admired by all of the visitors to my trial, being one of the most popular daffodils for its appearance.

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Geranium’ started flowering on the 31st March 2017.
Purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Geranium’ started flowering on the 31st March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’

Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’, pictured flowering during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ that were grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced an average of 4 flowers per flowering stem, and a total of 73 flowering stems, which came together to create a display of 292 flowers, which lasted for 48 days.

Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’, pictured flowering during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.

Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’

Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ purchased from Crocus for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ started flowering on the 18th March 2017.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ produced 42 flowering stems, each flowering stem featured an average of 7 flowers, these combined together to produce a display of 294 flowers, which lasted for 32 days.

Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ purchased from Crocus for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ started flowering on the 18th March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’

Narcissus ’Silver Chimes’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, produced 50 flowering stems, each stem featured an average of 5 flowers, this accumulated into a display of 250 flowers, which lasted for 33 days.

Narcissus ’Silver Chimes’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, with older flowers. At this time in the daffodil flower’s development, the Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ flower has white petals and a cream coloured corona or cup.

Narcissus ‘Avalanche’

Purchased from Jacques Amand International and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Avalanche’ started flowering on the 25th March 2017.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Avalanche’ that were planted for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced a total of 38 flower stems.  Each flowering stem produced an average of 6 flowers, which created a display of 228 flowers, that lasted for 38 days.

Purchased from Jacques Amand International and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Avalanche’ started flowering on the 25th March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’

Purchased from Crocus, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’, started flowering on the 8th April 2017.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’ that were planted for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, produced 54 flowering stems, each flowering stem featured an average of 4 flowers, which came together to create a display of 216 flowers, which lasted for 33 days.

Purchased from Crocus, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’, started flowering on the 8th April 2017.
Purchased from Crocus, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’, started flowering on the 8th April 2017.

Narcissus ‘Martinette’

Narcissus ‘Martinette’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Martinette’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.

The 50 Narcissus ‘Martinette’ bulbs that were planted for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced 53 flowering stems.  Each flowering stem produced an average of 3 flowers, creating a display of 159 flowers, which lasted for 35 days.

Narcissus ‘Martinette’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Martinette’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.

Narcissus ‘Minnow’

Narcissus ‘Minnow’ pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Minnow’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.

The 50 Narcissus ‘Minnow’ bulbs that were grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced 105 flowering stems, each flowering stem produced an average of 2 flowers, which accumulated into a display of 150 flowers.  Narcissus ‘Minnow’ continued flowering for 30 days.

Narcissus ‘Minnow’ grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, pictured on the 18th March 2017. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Minnow’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.
Narcissus ‘Minnow’ pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Minnow’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.

Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’

Purchased from Jacques Amand International and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’ started flowering on the 14th April 2017.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’ that were planted for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced 70 flowering stems, each with an average of 2 flowers per flowering stem, accumulating into a display of 140 flowers, which continued flowering for 29 days.

Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’ is a small sized daffodil, which is highly perfumed.  This pretty daffodil would be a charming choice of daffodil to plant in a container.

Purchased from Jacques Amand International and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’ started flowering on the 14th April 2017.

Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’, was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 31st March 2017.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’ that were planted for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, produced 42 flowering stems.  Each flowering stem produced an average of 2 flowers, this created a display of 84 flowers, which lasted for 32 days.

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’, was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 31st March 2017.
Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’, was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 31st March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Curlew’

Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus ‘Curlew’, was grown my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Curlew’ that were planted for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced a total of 38 flowering stems, each flowering stem produced an average of 2 flowers, creating a colour changing display of 76 lemon yellow flowers, which aged from lemon yellow to white, and lasted for 32 days.

Narcissus ‘Curlew’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as an older flower which has faded to white.

Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’

Purchased from Jacques Amand International, Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’, was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.

The 50 bulbs of Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’ that were planted for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, produced a total of 24 flowering stems.  Each flowering stem produced an average of 2 flowers, accumulating into a floral display of 48 flowers, which lasted for 37 days.

Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’, was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.

Narcissus canaliculatus

Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus canaliculatus was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil species started flowering on the 26th March 2017.

When looking at the performance of each daffodil cultivar grown for my trial, it has to be said that the daffodil which delivered the least impact to my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial was Narcissus canaliculatus.  The 50 bulbs of Narcissus canaliculatus that were planted for this trial produced 24 flowering stems, which between them featured 125 flowers, creating a floral display which lasted for only 19 days.  However there are countless reasons why you may wish to grow this dainty daffodil species, I appreciated each of the 19 days that this daffodil flowered.

Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus canaliculatus was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil species started flowering on the 26th March 2017.

Daffodil stem lengths

During my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, I noticed that the flowering stems produced by Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ were somewhat variable in height.

On the 25th March 2017, I recorded that one Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ specimen had produced a flowering stem with open flowers, which measured 28cm (11 inches) in height, and another specimen produced a flowering stem, again with open flowers, which measured 40cm (15.7 inches) tall – quite a difference in height!

With such a difference in the height of the flowering stems, Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ had a somewhat jagged and unbalanced look when viewed as a group.  The combined blooms of the similar looking Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’ exuded a greater elegance in their appearance in the border.

This chart shows the average stem length for each daffodil cultivar included in my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. To give an indication of the height of the overall display, should you wish to plant any of these daffodil cultivars. Narcissus ‘Avalanche’, Narcissus ‘Martinette’, and Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ dominate the display with their tall stems, whereas the smallest daffodil cultivar grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’, produces shorter daffodil flowers, but is still a charming daffodil.
This table shows the stem lengths for each daffodil cultivar. I have recorded the shortest and tallest stems, and also recorded the average length of the majority of the flowers, so you can see the approximate height of the overall display. Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’ produced the shortest flowering stems, with the tallest flowering stems being produced by Narcissus ‘Avalanche’, Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’, and Narcissus ‘Martinette’. Narcissus ‘Avalanche’ had the single, tallest overall flowering stem in the trial, which measured 82cm.

Number of flowering stems per daffodil

This table shows the number of flowering stems with open flowers at each daffodil cultivar’s peak flowering time. It also shows the number of flowers you can expect to see on each flowering stem. Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ with 119 flowering stems, each flowering stem has an average of 10 flowers, provided a display of nearly 1,200 flowers from 50 bulbs. This contrasts markedly with a cultivar like Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’ or Narcissus ‘Curlew’ – which had produced fewer than 100 flowers in total at any one time.

Daffodil flowering times

This chart shows the relative flowering period of all of the Narcissus cultivars – the lighter coloured part of the bar indicates when the first flowers began to fade. Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ flowered first, fully 10 days earlier than the next varieties (Narcissus ‘Minnow’ and Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’). Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’ flowered the latest – opening just as Narcissus ‘Minnow’ and Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ were coming to the end of their flowering period.
This table shows the date that the first flower opened for each Narcissus cultivar grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. You can also see the date the first flowers faded, and the date at which all of the flowers had faded. You can see that Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ provided the longest flowering display, with 48 days of flowers. Narcissus canaliculatus, whilst beautiful, flowered for the shortest time period – with the first flowers fading within two weeks of their flowers opening. Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ had the longest period from the first flower opening to the first flower fading – 34 days. Close behind it were Narcissus ‘Pueblo’ and Narcissus ‘Sailboat’, which both flowered for 32 days before the first flowers went over – giving a month of pristine flowers to enjoy.

Daffodils for containers

Given a good quality compost, good drainage, regular watering and fertiliser, daffodils grow well in containers.  The smallest daffodil grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial was Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’, this super daffodil cultivar is an ideal choice for planting in containers, where its unassuming, yet strongly perfumed, delightfully scented flowers can be enjoyed at close quarters.

Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

For optimum enjoyment, place containers of scented daffodils near entrances, so you can enjoy the daffodil flowers and their perfume as you pass by.  It’s lovely to have containers of scented daffodils to welcome you into the garden: place containers of daffodils by entrances, either side of front doors, in window boxes, or at an outside table, on your patio or seating area.

Scented daffodils

All of the daffodil cultivars that were chosen for this trial were selected because they were listed as being scented.  Sadly, some daffodil cultivars were less fragrant than others.

Fragrance can be subjective, as we each detect different scent notes and have differing preferences.  The fragrances of many flowers develop and become more pronounced in warmer weather, as the heat helps to release the perfumed oils the plants produce.  In warmer temperatures, pollinating insects can be found in greater numbers, these insects are more likely to discover the flowers which produce a powerful scent.

A scent which is pleasurable to some, can be offensive to others.  It’s also true that the fragrances of many flowers change as the flowers age and develop, so the scent that radiates from a young flower may be entirely different from the fragrance which an older flower of the same variety exudes.

I have listed the daffodil cultivars in ascending order – starting with the daffodil cultivars which produced the lightest fragrance, working up towards the daffodil cultivars that produced the most powerful fragrances, with my interpretation of each scent listed below.

Narcissus canaliculatus 

  • Sadly, I was unable to detect any fragrance from the flowers produced by this daffodil species.

Narcissus ‘Curlew’

  • Sadly this was another daffodil cultivar without any fragrance that I could detect.

Narcissus ‘Minnow’

  • I could not detect any fragrance from the flowers of Narcissus ‘Minnow’.

Narcissus ‘Sailboat’

  • I could not detect any fragrance produced by the flowers of Narcissus ‘Sailboat’.

Narcissus ‘Geranium’

  • I could only detect a very light fragrance from the flowers of Narcissus ‘Geranium’, the scent I could detect was not overly pleasant and had an acidic quality.

Narcissus ‘Pueblo’

  • The flowers of Narcissus ‘Pueblo’ produced a light, but pleasant fragrance which featured fresh, apple fragrance notes.
  • Narcissus ‘Pueblo’, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, as a slightly older flower, which now features white petals and yellow coronas or cups.

Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’

  • The flowers of Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’ produced a sweet fragrance, which offered occasional fragrance notes of vanilla.

Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’

  • The flowers produced by Narcissus ‘Grand Primo’ released an acidic fragrance, which was at times quite pleasing, but at other times the fragrance offered unpleasant fragrance notes, which were akin to cat wee; at these times the fragrance was not at all pleasing!  Not everyone shared my opinion – of the visitors to my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, many people found this daffodil’s fragrance pleasing.

Narcissus ‘Avalanche’

  • The flowers of Narcissus ‘Avalanche’ produced a sweet, lemony fragrance, which offered fragrance notes of citrus and honey.

Narcissus ‘Prom Dance’

  • The flowers of Narcissus ‘Prom Dance’ produced a light, sweet and pleasant fragrance, which had a rose like quality, with fragrance notes of citrus and pineapple.

Narcissus ‘Martinette’

  • The flowers of Narcissus ‘Martinette’ produced an enjoyable, fruity scent, which featured fragrance notes of citrus, musk, and honey.

Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’

  • I found the flowers of Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’ to produce an unpleasant, acidic fragrance.  This is not a fragrance that I overly enjoyed, but this opinion was not always shared with others – many people found this daffodil’s fragrance to be pleasing.

Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’

  • The flowers of Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’ produced a highly perfumed fragrance, which was very fruity in character, with pleasing fragrance notes of citrus and quince.

Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’

  • I found Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ produced a hyacinth-like fragrance, which was very sweet and pleasing, with fragrance notes of lime and honey.

Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’

  • The flowers of Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’ produced a pleasing hyacinth-like, heady fragrance, which was sweet and offered pleasant citrus fragrance notes.

Narcissus ‘Hawera’

  • There were occasions when I encountered the fragrance of Narcissus ‘Hawera’, when I found this daffodil’s fragrance to be quite pleasant, but I I often found Narcissus ‘Hawera’ to produce a fragrance that featured an unpleasant, acidic character.  Again within this daffodil’s perfume I could detect notes of cat wee – which is not a fragrance note I look for, or hope to find!  Again, this was not a universal opinion, other folks enjoyed this daffodil’s fragrance.

Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’

  • The flowers of Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’ produced a hyacinth-like, sweet and heady fragrance, which offered fragrance notes of pineapple, orange, and rose.

Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’

  • Of all the fragrances produced by the daffodil cultivars grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, my favourite scent was the beautiful fragrance produced by the flowers of Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’.  This daffodil cultivar produced a fragrance which had a real rose character, with fragrance notes of fruit and citrus oil.  Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ produces a powerful fragrance, which is pleasing and soothing.  This is a sweetly scented daffodil, which was popular with everyone that visited the trial.

Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’

  • I found the flowers of Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ to have the most powerful fragrance of all of the daffodils that were grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.  Happily, the fragrance was pleasing as well as powerful.  The fragrance produced by the flowers of Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ was hyacinth-like, sweet and heady, with citrus fragrance notes.  Everyone that visited my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial remarked on this daffodil and enjoyed it’s fragrance.

Beneficial insects

During my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, I noticed that one particular daffodil cultivar, namely Narcissus ‘Minnow’, was very popular with ladybirds.  During my Trial I noticed a large number of ladybirds on the Narcissus ‘Minnow’ flowers and leaves, and few, if any ladybirds on the other nineteen daffodil cultivars included in the 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

Every time I looked at the Narcissus ‘Minnow’ plants, I found a number of ladybirds on the plants.  If you’re looking to encourage ladybirds into your garden, you might want to consider growing Narcissus ‘Minnow’.

A ladybird sheltering inside a Narcissus ‘Minnow’ flower grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Pictured on the 24th March 2017.
A ladybird pictured resting on the petals of a Narcissus ‘Minnow’ flower during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.
A ladybird pictured on the leaves of Narcissus ‘Minnow’ during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Pictured on the 25th March 2017.
A ladybird pictured on the flowers of Narcissus ‘Minnow’ during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.
A ladybird pictured on the leaves of Narcissus ‘Minnow’ during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.
A ladybird pictured on the leaves of Narcissus ‘Minnow’ during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

Bees

Apart from the double flowered daffodils, whose nectar and pollen aren’t accessible to bees, the bees seemed to enjoy visiting the daffodils grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.  I didn’t find that any particular open flowered daffodil cultivar grown for this trial, was any more, or less, popular with bees and other pollinating insects, than any of the other open flowered daffodils grown for this trial.

If you’re looking to grow daffodils for bees, avoid the double flowered cultivars, such as Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’, Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’, Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’, and Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’, and choose daffodil species or cultivars, which produce open centred flowers.

A bee arriving at Narcissus ‘Hawera’ bloom, pictured during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.
Many insects were attracted to the daffodils that were grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Narcissus ’Grand Soleil d’Or’ is pictured here.
Many insects were attracted to the daffodils that were grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Narcissus ’Grand Soleil d’Or’ is pictured here.

Abnormalities

A few rogue daffodil bulbs made it into my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.  These rogue daffodil bulbs came with the bags of daffodil cultivars I ordered, but were not the correct daffodil cultivars.

Of the 50 Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ bulbs that I grew for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, one flowering stem produced a flower that was single, the other flowers that this flowering stem produced were not fully double.

This Narcissus ’Bridal Crown’ flower was produced during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.
This Narcissus ’Golden Dawn’ specimen, which was grown as part of my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, produced lighter coloured flowers.

Of the 50 Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ bulbs that I grew for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, one flowering stem produced 3 flowers which featured cream outer petals, these flowers were not consistent with the appearance of the rest of the flowers produced by bulbs of this daffodil cultivar.

Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ was purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ started flowering on the 22nd March 2017.

Of the 50 Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’ bulbs that I grew for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, 5 flowering stems produced yellow flowers.

Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’, was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.

Of the 50 Narcissus ‘Yellow Cheerfulness’ bulbs that I grew for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, 5 flowering stems produced white flowers.

Narcissus ‘Cheerfulness’, was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 26th March 2017.
Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ was purchased from Crocus, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Of the 50 bulbs I ordered, ten bulbs were rogues.

Of the 50 Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ bulbs that I grew for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, 10 of the bulbs were actually different daffodil cultivars and not Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’.  Although these 10 rogue daffodils were not all of the same daffodil cultivar, they all produced white flowers.

This white Flowered Narcissus was purchased as Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’. One of the Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ abnormalities, pictured on the 15th March 2017.
Another of the Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ rogue bulbs, pictured on the 26th March 2017.
One of the Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ abnormalities, pictured on the 16th March 2017.
One of the Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ abnormalities, pictured on the 18th March 2017.
A Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ abnormality, pictured on the 18th March 2017.
One of the Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ abnormalities, pictured on the 18th March 2017.
One of the Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ abnormalities, pictured on the 18th March 2017.

Pests and diseases

The daffodils grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial received no protection whatsoever from any pests and diseases.

Pests

Slugs and Snails

I did not provide any of the daffodils grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial with any protection from slugs or snails, this allowed me to observe whether any particular daffodil cultivar was more or less attractive to slugs and snails.  As a consequence, inevitably slugs and snails caused some damage to my daffodils.

None of the daffodil cultivars featured in my Scented Daffodil Trial seemed to be less attractive to slugs and snails than others – there was a consistent degree of damage seen across each of the daffodil cultivars included in the trial.  No particular daffodil cultivar seemed to be more, or less, popular with slugs and snails, than any other daffodil grown for this trial.

If you’re interested in protecting your own daffodils or indeed any of your garden plants from slugs or snails, you might be interested in the results from my Slug and Snail Trial, if so, please click here.

This Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ specimen had its flower bud damaged by slugs or snails. Pictured on the 5th March 2017 for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

Diseases

Narcissus Yellow Stripe Virus and other daffodil viruses

The Narcissus ‘Hillstar’ bulbs that were planted for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, displayed clear signs of being infected with the Narcissus Yellow Stripe Virus, or another similar looking daffodil virus.  Each of the leaves that this daffodil cultivar produced were very visibly striped and had a distinct lack of vigour.  As a consequence, all of these Narcissus ‘Hillstar’ bulbs were removed from the trial and destroyed, and I was unable to assess this particular daffodil cultivar during this trial.

A daffodil bulb that is infected with a virus being removed from the 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

There isn’t a cure for any of the daffodil viruses.  It’s best to lift and destroy (burn or bin, don’t compost) your daffodil plants, as soon as you see any symptoms of viruses – striped leaves, distortion, lack of vigour etc.

When planting daffodil bulbs, choose a new site – avoid growing daffodils in the same area where daffodils with a virus have previously grown.

Conclusions

Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ was purchased from Crocus, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

Of the 20 daffodil cultivars grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ produced the first flower, which opened on the 5th March 2017.

Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ produced the most powerfully fragrant flowers of all of the daffodil cultivars grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

Of the 20 daffodil cultivars grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ produced the greatest number of flowers.

Purchased from Crocus, Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ was grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. This daffodil cultivar started flowering on the 5th March 2017.

The 50 Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’ bulbs grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced 119 flowering stems, each flowering stem produced an average of 10 flowers, which accumulated into a display of 1,190 daffodil flowers!

Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ was purchased from Jacques Amand International, and grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ started flowering on the 22nd March 2017.

The 50 Narcissus ‘Golden Dawn’ bulbs grown for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial produced 146 flowering stems – this was by far the greatest number of flowering stems produced by any daffodil cultivar included in my trial.

During my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ flowered for the longest period – flowering for 48 days, nearly 7 weeks.  However, the flowers of Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ started to go over after 25 days, which resulted in 23 days – nearly half of the flowering period – featuring blooms which appeared somewhat dishevelled.

Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’, pictured flowering during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial. I purchased these Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’ bulbs from Jacques Amand International.
A ladybird pictured on the flowers of Narcissus ‘Minnow’, during my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.

The 50 Narcissus ‘Minnow’ bulbs grown for my trial attracted a far greater number of ladybirds and other beneficial insects than any other daffodil cultivar grown for this trial.  If you’re looking to attract ladybirds and other beneficial insects to your garden, you may wish to consider planting this daffodil cultivar.

The latest flowering daffodil cultivars of the 20 included in my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial, were Narcissus ‘Sir Winston Churchill’, Narcissus ‘Silver Chimes’, and Narcissus ‘Baby Moon’.
By combining the later flower daffodil cultivars above, with the early flowering varieties: Narcissus ‘Grand Soleil d’Or’, Narcissus ‘Minnow’, and Narcissus ‘Bridal Crown’, you can look forward to 69 days, nearly ten weeks of spring colour and fragrance in your garden.

Links and other articles that may interest you………….

I used Dalefoot Composts Double Strength Wool Compost to enrich the soil for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial.  To visit Dalefoot Composts’ website, where you can find out more about their peat free composts, please click here.

I bought the majority of the daffodil bulbs featured in my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial from Jacques Amand International.  To visit Jacques Amand International’s website and view their vast range of top sized bulbs, please click here.

The remainder of the daffodil bulbs that I grew for my 2017 Scented Daffodil Trial were purchased from Crocus.  To visit Crocus’ website, please click here.

I am a member of the Daffodil Society, to visit the Daffodil Society’s website, where you find out more about the Daffodil Society, please click here.

To see the results of my Slug and Snail Trial and discover the most effective methods to protect your plants from slugs and snails, please click here.

To find out more about daffodils, please click here.

For advice on using daffodils as cut flowers, please click here.

To see the results from my 2016 Sweet Pea Trial, please click here.

To read the first instalment of my White Orchid Trial, please click here.

To see my Miniature Orchid Trial – Growing Miniature Orchids in the BiOrbAir, please click here.

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2 thoughts on “2017 Scented Daffodil Trial

  1. Absolutely brilliant. Best encapsulation of scented varieties I have encountered. Well done Beth for your exhaustive research into the merits of this particular group of daffodil .
    Great text and pictures. A job well done.

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