Planting List of Beautiful Vivarium, Terrarium, and Bottle Garden Plants!

I so enjoy creating terrariums, vivariums, and bottle gardens, I’d love to share my love of indoor gardening with you!  If you’re looking for some fabulous plants for a bottle garden, terrarium, or vivarium that you’re creating, I hope that this list, which is filled with super plants that are perfectly suited to the growing conditions found inside these enclosed gardens, will help you to enjoy a spot of successful and fun indoor gardening.

I’ve created this planting list for those of you who are looking for a terrarium, vivarium, or bottle garden plant that can be planted directly into the compost inside your terrarium.  There are no orchids on this list, so if you’d like to see a longer list of terrarium plants that includes orchids, ferns, and other terrarium plants, please click here.  If you’d prefer to see a list of mini-miniature orchids, tiny plants that are suited to growing inside bottle gardens, terrariums, or vivariums, please click here.

This is a planting list with a difference!  To find out more about a particular plant, simply click on the plant’s profile page for more information.  Once you’ve clicked on a plant, you’ll find links to every article I have written that features that particular plant on at the bottom of every individual plant page.  Some individual plants can be followed as they grow, by reading my regular terrarium reviews and updates.  These updates allow you to discover more about each plant’s character, you can find out how well each particular plant grew, see clear and precise details of the care I have given these plants, and learn more about a plant to find out which plant is most suited to your own individual growing conditions.

You’ll find the details of the garden centres, nurseries, and suppliers, where I have purchased the terrarium plants, ferns, mosses, and cork for my glass terrariums, my Miniature Orchid Trial Terrarium, my White Orchid Trial Terrarium, my Madagascar Terrarium, my Orchidarium, my Rainforest Terrarium, and my other indoor gardens at the bottom of this planting list.

If you’re interested in planting your own terrarium or bottle garden, I hope that my step-by-step guide on how to plant up a terrarium or bottle garden will help you.


Adiantum raddianum ‘Fritz-Luthi’ is a pretty fern that thrives in partial shaded to shaded conditions.  This is a tender fern that requires very humid environment, alongside well drained but moisture retentive compost, and soft, indirect lighting, for this fern to grow and to continue to…

This Adiantum is a species of miniature fern, which originates from Colombia, where this fern grows terrestrially – in the soil, and also as an epiphyte – on the branches of trees. This miniature fern grows well in soft, diffused light, in temperatures from 15 –…

Anthurium ‘Mini Jungle’ is an evergreen perennial.  This hybrid Anthurium is a tender plant that can be grown outdoors in a warm climate, or indoors in the cooler regions of the world, where Anthurium ‘Mini Jungle’ makes a fantastic houseplant, or a good choice for a…

This Arnemia fern species makes an attractive, finely feathered fern, which requires high humidity and warm temperatures to grow well.  I have found that Arnemia will not tolerate the compost around the plant’s roots drying out, so if you’re growing this plant ensure that you…

Asparagus setaceus is such a delicate and attractive plant, I love its delicate, ferny foliage!  Asparagus setaceus is often referred to as the Asparagus fern.  This tuberous perennial is so pretty, especially as a young plant, when its fresh green foliage is so fine and light,…

Asplenium nidus ‘Crispy Wave’ (PBR) is a very versatile and attractive fern, which produces delightfully ruffled, fresh green coloured fronds.  This is a great choice of fern to grow as a house plant or to plant inside a terrarium, vivarium, or bottle garden.  Asplenium nidus ‘Crispy…

Asplenium x ebenoides is an attractive, evergreen fern, which has an upright growth habit.  Asplenium x ebenoides is commonly referred to as the Dragon’s Tail Fern, as the tip of each frond resembles that of a mythical dragon.  This naturally occurring fern hybrid hails from Alabama, and other…

This Athyrium species is a small sized, terrestrial fern that’s endemic to Madagascar and Africa.  This fern enjoys humid conditions and grows to about 15cm in height. TweetShare5Pin712 Shares

Biophytum sensitivum is an amazing plant!  Biophytum sensitivum originates from India and South Africa, where it can be found growing in wet, boggy soils near streams and waterfalls, where it is shaded by taller trees and shrubs. Biophytum sensitivum is such an interesting, fascinating plant!  Resembling…

Chirita tamiana originates from Vietnam, where this small plant species can be found growing in damp soils.  Chirita tamiana plants form attractive rosettes; the plants have a similar growth habit to that seen in their relations – Saintpaulia (African Violets), their soft, mid green leaves radiating out…

The common name of Chlorophytum comosum ‘Variegatum’ is the spider plant.  This is an easy to grow, tender plant, that grows exceptionally well as a house plant.  Chlorophytum comosum ‘Variegatum’ can be grown in a hanging basket, where the plant will make a lovely feature.  Over time,…

Doryopteris cordata is an unusual, small tropical, tender fern that is ideally suited to growing in terrariums, vivariums, or bottle gardens. Doryopteris cordata produces lobed fronds at the base of the fern, which form a low growing mound, close to ground level, these fronds look more…

Ficus pumila is an evergreen climber, which is commonly known as the creeping fig.  Ficus pumila is a vigorous and robust, self clinging climber, which can seemingly attach itself to even the smoothest of glass terrariums or vivariums with ease.  Ficus pumila forms a tall…

Ficus pumila ‘White Sunny’ is a variegated climbing plant that grows as an epiphyte – this plant grows upon other plants, rather than in the soil or compost.  Ficus pumila ‘White Sunny’ works very well when it’s grown mounted on to cork or another structure. Ficus pumila…

Fittonia albivenis ‘Mosaic White’ is often known by the plant’s common name of the nerve plant – this name references the leaves of this tender plant’s white veining, which stands out against the lovely green of this plant’s leaf.  Fittonia albivenis ‘Mosaic White’ is an attractive,…

Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘Joly Josan’ (PBR) is a small, spreading, tender plant that thrives when it’s grown in a shaded location, in moist, but well drained, compost, in a humid environment.  This Fittonia is an ideal bottle garden, terrarium, or vivarium plant. Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group)…

Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘Red Angel’ (PBR) is also known by its common name of nerve plant, which references the Fittonia’s brightly coloured leaf veining. Fittonias are excellent terrarium plants, but you could also try growing this plant in a steamy bathroom, ensure you choose…

Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘White Tiger’ (PBR) is an evergreen perennial, a tender plant that is suited to growing indoors as a terrarium, vivarium, or bottle garden plant. Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘White Tiger’ grows best when it’s planted in moist, well drained soil or…

The common name of Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘Forest Flame’ (PBR) is the nerve plant, referencing the decorative veining that highlights this plant’s leaves. Like other Fittonias, Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘Forest Flame’ (PBR) has specific growing conditions, this tender plant requires high humidity, moist,…

The common name of Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘White Anne’ is the nerve plant, this name references the almost netted, coloured veining that decorates this little plant’s leaves. Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘White Anne’ is the perfect plant to include in your bottle garden, terrarium, or vivarium…

The common name of plants from the Fittonia albivenis Argyroneura Group is the nerve plant, this name refers to the Fittonia’s leaves and their distinctive veining.  Fittonias thrive when they’re grown in a terrarium, as these plants require low to medium light levels and high humidity…

Fittonia albivenis ‘Skeleton’ is often referred to as the nerve plant, due to the disinctive nerve like veining that this plant’s leaves display. Fittonia albivenis ‘Skeleton’ requires low to medium light levels, high humidity, and a moist, but well drained peat-free compost or growing medium…

Hemionitis arifolia is a particularly gorgeous species of miniature fern.  This small, but magnificent fern produces deep green, glossy, heart shaped fronds, which are held on very dark coloured, thin, wiry stems.  This really is such a good looking fern! Hemionitis arifolia flourishes when it’s grown in…

Humata heterophylla is a tender, epiphytic fern species, so growing this fern mounted onto cork, or other tree bark, or branches is naturally the best way to grow this fern, providing you have the right conditions.  This fern really does require a very humid environment,…

Humata repens is a rather lovely species of fern, which originates from Indochina, Taiwan, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Humata repens is a dear little fern which grows to just 8cm (3 inches) tall.  This fern can be grown terrestrially – when its grown planted in…


I purchased these plants, many of which you can see and read about in my terrarium reviews and trial updates, from the following nurseries:

The following plants were purchased from Araflora:

  • Anthurium ‘Mini Jungle’
  • Asplenium x ebenoides
  • Ficus pumila
  • Peperomia prostrata
  • Pilea cadierei
  • Pilea depressa
  • Pilea libanensis
  • Spathiphyllum ‘Mini’

The following terrarium plants and ferns were purchased from Ben’s Jungle:

  • Adiantum species from Colombia
  • Arnemia sp.
  • Athyrium species
  • Biophytum sensitivum
  • Chirita tamiana
  • Doryopteris cordata
  • Humata repens
  • Humata heterophylla
  • Pellaea rotundifolia
  • Pyrrosia serpens
  • Rumohra species

The following plants and ferns were very kindly given to me by my friends:

  • Doryopteris cordata
  • Maranta leuconeura var. ‘Fascinator’
  • Maranta leuconeura var. kerchoveana
  • Nephrolepis species
  • Pellaea rotundifolia
  • Pilea peperomioides

The following plants were purchased from Hampshire Carnivorous Plants:

  • Pinguicula hybrid

The following plants were purchased from McBean’s Orchids:

  • Tillandsia usneoides

The following plants were purchased from Perfect Plants:

  • Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘Joly Josan’ (PBR)
  • Fittonia albivenis ‘Mosaic White’

The cork bark, flat, and cushion moss used in my Madagascar BiOrbAir Terrarium, in my White Orchid Trial BiOrbAir Terrarium, and in my Orchidarium, was purchased from Porters Foliage.

I purchased the following plants from Rainforestvivs:

  • Hemionitis arifolia
  • Nephrolepis exaltata ‘Marisa’
  • Peperomia rotundifolia
  • Pilea involucrata ‘Moon Valley’
  • Pilea involucrata ‘Norfolk’

I purchased the following plants from Squire’s Garden Centre in Milford:

  • Chlorophytum comosum ‘Variegatum’
  • Fittonia albivenis ‘Skeleton’
  • Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘White Tiger’ (PBR)
  • Phlebodium aureum ‘Blue Star’
  • Pteris ensiformis ‘Evergemiensis’
  • Selaginella martensii ‘Jori’
  • Soleirolia soleirolii

I purchased the pillow moss I used when I updated the planting inside two of my BiOrbAir terrariums in August 2015 from Triangle Nursery.

I purchased the following plants from the Wisley Plant Centre at RHS Garden Wisley:

  • Adiantum raddianum ‘Fritz-Luthi’
  • Asparagus setaceus (Asparagus plumosus)
  • Asplenium nidus ‘Crispy Wave’ (PBR)
  • Fittonia albivenis Argyroneura Group
  • Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘Red Angel’ (PBR)
  • Fittonia verschaffeltii ‘Forest Flame’
  • Fittonia verschaffeltii ‘White Anne’
  • Nephrolepis exaltata ‘Fluffy Ruffles’
  • Polystichum tsussimense
  • Selaginella kraussiana
  • Soleirolia soleirolii 

Other articles that may interest you…………..

To see a list of mini miniature orchids to grow inside terrariums or bottle gardens, please click here.

To see how my Rainforest Terrarium was set up and discover the thinking behind my design, please click here.

To see a longer list of terrarium plants, which includes orchids, please click here.

To find out about the Writhlington Orchid Project, please click here.

To see how my Orchidarium was created, please click here.

To read about how I track and record the temperature, humidity, and light levels inside my terrariums, glasshouse, home, and garden, please click here.

To read about using decorative sculptures, quirky ornaments, or natural features in your terrarium, please click here.

To read about BiOrbAir’s long handled terrarium tools, please click here.

To see the first instalment of my Miniature Orchid Terrarium Trial, please click here.

To see the first instalment of my Madagascan Orchid Terrarium Trial, please click here.

To see the first instalment of my White Orchid Terrarium Trial, please click here.

To read about the general maintenance and general care I give my terrarium plants, please click here.

To read about carnivorous plants, please click here.

To find out how to mount epiphytic orchids onto cork bark or other wood mounts, please click here.

To read about the new features that the new 2017 BiOrbAir terrarium offers, please click here.

Other articles you might like:

One thought on “Planting List of Beautiful Vivarium, Terrarium, and Bottle Garden Plants!

  1. Anne Liem

    September 22, 2018 at 3:58pm

    Awesome! I used to make terrariums using the big pickle jar used in restaurants and hung them with macramé hangers .Yours are just awesome.

    • Author

      Pumpkin Beth

      September 22, 2018 at 4:03pm

      Thank you Anne, I have some terrariums like yours too – I love them! Thanks for your kind comment.
      Best wishes

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