September is the time to sow Yellow Rattle (Rhinanthus minor) seeds. These seeds need to endure autumn and winter outdoors to trigger germination in early spring. It’s absolutely essential to purchase fresh seed collected this summer, as Rhinanthus minor seed loses its viability very rapidly. Seed collected last year won’t germinate now. Weed the area thoroughly, then cut the grass as short as you can. Use a rake to scarify the surface and sow Yellow Rattle in the bare patches of soil around grasses.

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