Pilea microphylla is a low growing tender perennial; it’s a native plant of Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and nearby countries.  A very small-leaved plant, with leaves measuring just 1-2mm (0.04-0.08″) in size; at first glance, Pilea microphylla looks quite similar to mosses or ferns.  This diminutive plant would be an ideal choice for an indoor fairy garden!

Plants thrive in a humid environment; Pilea microphylla is an ideal plant to include in a terrarium. 

Porroglossum echidna is a mini miniature sized orchid species, from the cloud forests of Colombia and Venezuela.  Plants grow at a range of locations in these mountainous regions, at heights from between 2500m and 3200m above sea level.

This cute little orchid species flourishes in very humid environments; it’s perfectly suited to growing inside a terrarium or bottle garden, or another enclosure where the humidity levels remain at 75%RH and above. 

Ilex is the latin name for the genus of plants we often refer to as hollies.  This is an interesting and diverse group of plants, that includes evergreen and deciduous plants, that form small shrubs, tall trees, and everything in between – depending on the Ilex species or cultivar grown.

Ilex are native plants of the United Kingdom, Europe, the Mediterranean, the Americas, China, North America, South East Asia, and other areas around the globe.

Porroglossum muscosum gets its genus name – Porroglossum – from the Greek for ‘far, far away’ and ‘tongue’ – a reference to these plants flowers’ distinctive lip.  While the specific epithet, this plant’s species name – muscosum – means mossy – a reference to the plant’s hairy flowering stems.  This is a miniature orchid species that grows both as an epiphytic orchid – on other plants, and as a terrestrial orchid – when it grows on the forest floor, often in leaf litter. 

Lepanthes telipogoniflora is such a tiny little mini miniature, epiphytic orchid species.  This orchid is small enough for any size of terrarium!  Lepanthes telipogoniflora is endemic to Colombia, where the plant grows as an epiphyte on trees growing in cloud forests.  This orchid species is usually found low within the forest canopy, in very humid, wet, and shaded conditions.

Lepanthes telipogoniflora produces leaves that grow to a maximum of about 1cm (0.3″) in size. 

Masdevallia nidifica is a miniature epiphytic and lithophytic orchid species, which is widespread: this species originates from Nicaragua, Ecuador, Peru, and Colombia, where this plant can be found growing in areas of mountainous forest and cloud forests.

Given cool to intermediate temperatures, a shaded environment and a moist environment Masdevallia nidifica is a reliable and floriferous orchid species.  This plant requires very high humidity and constant growing conditions all through the year to succeed, when it will grow into a rewarding plant that can flower at any time of year.

Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘White Tiger’ (PBR) is an evergreen perennial, a tender plant that is suited to growing indoors as a terrarium, vivarium, or bottle garden plant.

Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘White Tiger’ grows best when it’s planted in moist, well drained soil or compost, in a warm (15C – 27C (59F to 80F)), humid environment, under low light levels. 

Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘Joly Josan’ (PBR) is a small, spreading, tender plant that thrives when it’s grown in a shaded location, in moist, but well drained, compost, in a humid environment.  This Fittonia is an ideal bottle garden, terrarium, or vivarium plant.

Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘Joly Josan’ (PBR) is a small, creeping, tender plant, that grows to about 15cm (6 inches) in height. 

Fittonia albivenis ‘Mosaic White’ is often known by the plant’s common name of the nerve plant – this name references the leaves of this tender plant’s white veining, which stands out against the lovely green of this plant’s leaf.  Fittonia albivenis ‘Mosaic White’ is an attractive, easy to grow plant, which will help to brighten up any terrarium, vivarium, or bottle garden.

Epidendrum porpax is an epiphytic orchid species that originates from Colombia and Venezuela, where this miniature sized plant can be found growing on trees in areas of humid forest.  Epidendrum propax has a naturally creeping habit, this orchid forms spreading plant mats, that clothe the areas of the oak and pine trees that this orchid grows upon.

Epidendrum porpax is a fairly tolerant, easy going orchid, however this miniature orchid species favours intermediate to warm temperatures, with bright, filtered, diffused light, and high humidity.  

Spathiphyllum wallisii is known widely by its common name of peace lily, which is such a charming name for this super plant!  In Europe, Spathiphyllum wallisii, is often grown as a houseplant, as this versatile plant, which originates from Colombia and Central America, where it’s popular with butterflies, thrives in a variety of conditions.  The peace lily flourishes in rooms that receive bright light, as well as flourishing in partially shaded rooms. 

Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘Red Angel’ (PBR) is also known by its common name of nerve plant, which references the Fittonia’s brightly coloured leaf veining.

Fittonias are excellent terrarium plants, but you could also try growing this plant in a steamy bathroom, ensure you choose a location away from harsh, direct light or your plant will suffer.  Fittonia albivenis (Verschaffeltii Group) ‘Red Angel’ requires high humidity, moist, but well drained compost, and low to medium light levels to grow well – making this Fittonia an ideal terrarium, vivarium, or bottle garden plant.

Psygmorchis pusilla is a miniature, epiphytic orchid species, which can be found growing in humid forests in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Peru, Venezuela, and other exotic locations, where the plant colonises the outer branches of trees.

Psygmorchis pusilla is a delightful, fan shaped, miniature orchid species, which has an attractive appearance even when it’s not in flower.  This orchid produces very large, predominantly yellow inflorescences, which have red-maroon markings.  

This Adiantum is a species of miniature fern, which originates from Colombia, where this fern grows terrestrially – in the soil, and also as an epiphyte – on the branches of trees.

This miniature fern grows well in soft, diffused light, in temperatures from 15 – 25C (59 – 77F).  This fern is a great choice of fern for a terrarium, vivarium, or bottle garden, as its diminutive size means that this fern won’t become too tall for its enclosure.

This fern, a species of Nephrolepis, was very kindly given to me by a friend.  This Nephrolepis fern is epiphytic and terrestrial – it will grow well if mounted onto cork or other tree bark, and the same fern will also grow well in planted in moist, well drained terrarium compost.  I have found that this particular Nephrolepis fern thrives when it’s grown in a situation that enjoys indirect, filtered light, well away from harsh, bright light, which may scorch this fern’s leaves. 

Platystele examen-culicum is a miniature, epiphytic orchid species, which originates from Colombia and Ecuador.

Platystele examen-culicum grows well in a humid environment, with filtered light, and cool to intermediate temperatures.

Platystele examen-culicum produces such tiny, minute flowers, which are not easy to view without a macro camera!  You can see this Platystele examen-culicum specimen in flower in my Orchidarium Update.

Restrepia citrina is a miniature orchid species.  This epiphytic orchid species is endemic to Colombia, where this lovely orchid species grows in cloud forests.  For successful growing, you need to replicate the conditions that this Restrepia experiences in its natural environment.  Restrepia citrina flourishes in cool to intermediate temperatures, in a very humid atmosphere.  This miniature orchid species thrives when grown under soft, filtered, diffused light.

Helianthus annuus, also known by their common name of sunflowers, are tall growing annuals with very large, round flower heads with brown centres and yellow outer petals, which are very attractive to bees and butterflies.  The flower heads of Helianthus annuus turn to face the sun, they slowly turn as the sun moves throughout the day.  Helianthus annuus grow best when planted in a very sunny spot.

Restrepia seketii is a miniature orchid species that originates from the cloud forests in North Colombia.  A cool growing, epiphytic orchid species, Restrepia seketii is smaller than the other Restrepia species that are featured in my Miniature Orchid Trials.

To see photographs of Restrepia seketii in bloom, and discover how long this miniature orchid typically flowers for, please click here.

Restrepia trichoglossa is a species of miniature orchid which originates from cloud forests in Peru, Colombia, and Ecuador.  Naturally forming a tufted shape, this little Restrepia produces flowers in succession, throughout the year.

I find Restrepias to be tolerant of different temperatures, and light conditions, favouring cooler indoor temperatures of around 16 C – 20 C, and bright, indirect, filtered light.