Corylus avellana is a wonderful shrub or tree that in the UK is commonly known as hazel.  I absolutely adore Corylus avellana, it’s one of my favourite plants; I’d encourage almost anyone to grow this fantastic shrub, tree, or hedge!  A native tree of many countries in Europe, Corylus avellana is a superb plant for a wildlife garden or an edible garden. 

Fagus sylvatica is the botanical name for Beech trees.  Beech are one of our UK native trees; they can be found across Europe.  Fagus sylvatica forms majestic trees that can be used as hedging or as very handsome specimen trees.  Although these trees are deciduous, trimmed Fagus sylvatica specimens will retain their leaves throughout the autumn and winter months.  However, any hedges or trees that are left untrimmed will drop their leaves the same autumn. 

In the UK, Sambucus nigra is known as Elder.  These small trees and shrubs must have many common names, as they’re a wild plant that frequents many countries across Europe, as well as places as far afield as Western Asia and North Africa.  Sambucus nigra is a deciduous plant with green pinnate foliage.  In late spring and early summertime, Sambucus nigra produces huge flat circles of cream coloured, scented flowers that are popular with insects. 

Yew is also known by its botanical name, Taxus baccata.  This is a glorious evergreen that’s versatile and accommodating.  Taxus baccata is happy to grow as a specimen tree or a hedge; plants are content to grow naturally as unpruned trees but are equally happy to be pruned and clipped into spheres, pyramids, corkscrew twists, hearts, or whichever shape your heart desires. 

In the UK, Prunus spinosa is usually known by its common name – Blackthorn.  I am sure that Prunus spinosa has many common names, as this is a widespread plant that can be found growing in the wild across Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa.  Prunus spinosa can be grown as a shrub, a hedge, or a tree.  These plants are very spiny and they often form thickets. 

Ilex aquifolium is the commonest holly we have in the UK; plants can be found growing both in the wild and as cultivated, garden plants.  This holly species can be used as container plants, for hedging, or grown as specimen trees.  Ilex aquifolium is native to the UK (Ilex aquifolium is absent from the Outer Hebrides, the Shetland Isles, and Orkney) but this is also a native plant of West Asia, North Africa, Southern and Western Europe.

Lonicera periclymenum is a gorgeous plant.  This is an easy-going climber that’s very eager to grow.  Plants confidently cover fences and archways, weaving their magic as they stitch hedgerows together.  Lonicera periclymenum is a wild plant of many European countries.  With so many people feeling connected to this lovely plant there are likely to be a multitude of common names for Lonicera periclymenum; in the UK it’s often known as Honeysuckle. 

Rosa rugosa ‘Alba’ is the white flowered form of Rosa rugosa.

I adore roses.  I grow Rosa rugosa ‘Alba’ in my own garden.  My garden is very small, which limits the number of plants I can grow; accordingly, every plant in my garden really does have to earn their place and is constantly under review!  I’ve included Rosa rugosa ‘Alba in my personal little oasis because this is a tough and resilient, naturally healthy rose that produces gorgeous flowers with pollen that’s accessible to bees, butterflies, hoverflies, and other insects. 

Here’s another superb rose that was bred by David Austin Roses.  Rosa ‘Wild Edric’ is an English Shrub Rose.  This is a beautiful rose to grow as a hedge – if I was planting a rose hedge, ‘Wild Edric’ would be the rose I’d choose.  Having said that, Rosa ‘Wild Edric’ also makes a fantastic plant to grow in garden beds and borders. 

Alliaria petiolata is a commonly found wildflower in Europe, Asia, and parts of Africa.  Whenever its foliage is bruised, crushed, or trampled, this plant’s leaves release a scent that’s reminiscent of garlic; as a consequence, in the UK, Alliaria petiolata is often called Garlic Mustard, or Hedge Garlic.  Another common name for Alliaria petiolata is Jack-by-the hedge, which reflects one of this plant’s habitats and Alliaria petiolata’s prominence as a plant that lines our hedgerows. 

Ilex is the latin name for the genus of plants we often refer to as hollies.  This is an interesting and diverse group of plants, that includes evergreen and deciduous plants, that form small shrubs, tall trees, and everything in between – depending on the Ilex species or cultivar grown.

Ilex are native plants of the United Kingdom, Europe, the Mediterranean, the Americas, China, North America, South East Asia, and other areas around the globe.

Buddleja davidii ‘Black Knight’ is a distinctive form of Buddleja; its long panicles of indigo coloured flowers are deeper in colour than almost all other Buddlejas.  That’s not the only quality that this plant boasts, Buddleja davidii ‘Black Knight’ produces very large flowers; plants enjoy a long flowering season and have a naturally upright form.  The richly coloured blooms are large in size and nicely scented, too. 

Rosa ‘Olivia Rose Austin’ (Ausmixture) is an English Shrub Rose, which was bred by David Austin Senior and named after his Granddaughter.  This English Shrub Rose was first introduced in 2014, at the RHS Chelsea Flower Show.

‘Olivia Rose Austin’ is a rose that’s much admired both for its capability to deliver a long flowering season, and for the plant’s naturally strong and healthy disposition. 

Hedera helix is more commonly known as ivy, or English ivy.  This rather lovely, evergreen climbing plant is often taken for granted, it can be maligned by others, but not by me – I adore ivy.  This is a magnificent plant, one that is willing to grow, easy to care for, and is a blessing for birds, insects, and wildlife.  Hedera are such a versatile group of plants – I am a huge fan of ivy!

Gooseberries (also known by their botanical name of Ribes uva-crispa) are easily grown, deciduous, thorny shrubs that produces delicious tasting fruit, in summertime.  The harvest time for gooseberries varies from June to August, depending on the particular gooseberry cultivar being grown, the planting location, and the weather.

These fruits will grow in almost any soil; although if your soil tends to be waterlogged gooseberries won’t be happy. 

Jerusalem artichokes are both easy to grow and useful vegetables!  I’d describe Jerusalem artichokes as having a wonderful, smokey, savoury flavour, which is quite unlike any other vegetable I’ve ever tasted. Jerusalem artichokes have a truly delicious flavour.

The one thing I must say early on, is that Jerusalem artichokes are such a strong-growing and self-propagating vegetable.  Once you have grown Jerusalem artichokes in an area of your garden or allotment, it will take a year or two to dig out any volunteers that continue growing after your harvest is lifted. 

Globe artichokes are a wonderful vegetable to grow, they look so beautiful and taste absolutely delicious!  A freshly harvested globe artichoke has an entirely different and far superior taste and texture to a shop bought globe artichoke.

Globe artichokes are easily raised from seed.  You can sow seeds directly in the ground, where you want your plants to grow, or start your seeds off in containers. 

Plants from the genus Lavandula, are usually referred to as lavenders.  Lavandula features over forty species and hundreds of cultivars, each with their own special differences.  You’ll find white, pink, purple, and blue flowered lavenders, with plants bearing flowers of every shade of these tones, and each colour in between!

Lavender thrives when planted in well drained soil, where the plants will enjoy full sunshine and partial shade.  

Raspberries (also known by their botanical name, Rubus idaeus) are easy-to-grow, shrubby plants that produce delicious tasting berries in varying shades of red, pink, purple, a dark inky shade of purple that almost looks black, yellow, orange, peach, and very occasionally, white.  The raspberries pictured in the photograph (taken at my allotment) that accompanies this plant page are still developing, they have yet to colour or ripen.

Apples, also known by their botanical name of Malus domestica, are a group of deciduous fruit trees, which originate from Asia and have been cultivated for a great many years.

In the UK, apples are commonly divided into two groups: culinary or cooking apples and dessert apples.  Other countries do not group, or consider apples in this way, they treat apples as one group.