Pilea microphylla is a low growing tender perennial; it’s a native plant of Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and nearby countries.  A very small-leaved plant, with leaves measuring just 1-2mm (0.04-0.08″) in size; at first glance, Pilea microphylla looks quite similar to mosses or ferns.  This diminutive plant would be an ideal choice for an indoor fairy garden!

Plants thrive in a humid environment; Pilea microphylla is an ideal plant to include in a terrarium. 

Angraecum sacciferum is a miniature sized orchid species that can be found growing in the wild, over a widespread area.  This orchid species is a wild plant from many locations, including: Burundi, Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sao Tome, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.  Angraecum sacciferum grows as an epiphyte – when it’s found growing upon trees, and as an lithophyte – when plants are seen growing on or over rocky or stony surfaces, in wet areas, near rivers or streams.

Aerangis x primulina is a natural hybrid between Aerangis citrata and Aerangis hyaloides.  This is a very handsome miniature orchid.  Plants produce beautiful, arching flowering stems, which I estimate, hold opposite rows of anywhere between five and thirty, (possibly more) stunning, small, snowy white coloured flowers.  Older specimens produce a greater number of flowers.  Aerangis x primulina plants’ flowers are smaller than Aerangis citrata blooms, yet a little larger than Aerangis hyaloides flowers. 

Phalaenopsis ‘Purple Princess’ is a miniature to small sized Phalaenopsis hybrid; plants grow to around 10-15cm (4-6 inches) tall.  ‘Purple Princess’ Phalaenopsis plants produce rather striking, cerise to Fuchsia pink coloured flowers.  Each ‘Purple Princess’ bloom features attractive, speckled markings at its centre, while the flower’s petals and sepals are highlighted with a very fine, white picotee edging.

The Royal Horticultural Society have awarded Phalaenopsis ‘Purple Princess’ with an Award of Garden Merit, or AGM. 

Aerangis mooreana is a miniature, epiphytic orchid species, which originates from Madagascar and the Comoros Islands.  This orchid can be found growing on the branches of trees, growing on fairly low-lying ground, in humid forests.  Aerangis mooreana produces pendent flowering stems holding a number of attractive white flowers, which hang below the plant.

This miniature orchid is an epiphyte – a plant that grows upon another plant. 

Ornithocephalus manabina is a miniature sized, epiphytic orchid species, which originates from Ecuador.  This is such an attractive orchid species; plants produce delicate sprays of elegant, white flowers.

I love Ornithocephalus manabina’s fan shaped leaves, they are very useful and add architectural, year round interest to the terrarium.  This orchid species will add enhance your enclosure, even when your plant is not in flower.

Aerangis kirkii is a miniature to small sized, epiphytic orchid species, that originates from South Africa, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Mozambique.  Plants can be found growing upon both trees and shrubs in forested areas, close to rivers or near the coast line; this orchid species can be found inhabiting trees growing anywhere from sea level up to 200m above.

A warm growing orchid species, Aerangis kirkii requires filtered, diffused low light, or intermediate filtered, diffused light, combined with warm temperatures and a very humid environment to flourish.

Dendrobium striolatum is a lithophytic orchid species that originates from Australia, where it’s known as the Streaked Rock Orchid.

I have found that this miniature sized orchid grows happily when mounted onto cork bark, so don’t panic if you don’t have a spare limestone boulder, or decorative cliff face to mount your plants onto!  Indeed, Dendrobium striolatum is an easy going orchid, which is tolerant of a range of temperatures – from cool to warm. 

Phalaenopsis pantherina is a miniature to small sized, epiphytic, or lithophytic orchid species, which originates from the humid, mountainous forests of Borneo and Indonesia, where this orchid can be found growing upon the branches of trees and on moss covered rocks.

Phalaenopsis pantherina produces rather wonderful, zig-zaged flowering stems, which hold this orchid species’ eye catching flowers.  This orchid’s wax like flowers display exotic looking spotted markings, which resemble the markings on a panther’s coat – hence this orchid species’ common name of the Panther-like-Phalaenopsis, the specific epithet of this orchid’s botanical name also references this similarity.

Phalaenopsis pulchra is a rather charming epiphytic orchid species from the Philippines.  The second part of this orchid’s botanical name – the specific epithet – is taken from the latin ‘pulcher’ which means beautiful.  Plants produce vibrant, rather glamorous, shocking pink flowers which have a polished, glossy sheen.  This is a very popular and beautiful orchid.  Phalaenopsis pulchra produces vivid pink flowers that really have the wow factor, but this plant is very handsome even when it’s not in bloom, its smooth leaves are held with a certain elegance and poise.

Phalaenopsis inscriptiosinensis is an epiphytic orchid species from Sumatra, where this small to medium sized orchid can be found growing upon trees in forested areas.  Phalaenopsis inscriptiosinensis plants produce quite striking flowers.  The reddish brown markings displayed over the soft yellow coloured petals have a resemblance to Chinese lettering – this orchid species’ common name is the Chinese Character Phalaenopsis – which is very apt.

Phalaenopsis cornu-cervi ‘Green’ is a species of epiphytic and lithophytic orchid that originates from Java, Borneo, Myanmar, Thailand, India, Laos, and other regions, where this small sized orchid can be found growing upon rocks, trees, or other plants, in various environments, from areas of forest near rivers and in lowland locations.  Phalaenopsis cornu-cervi ‘Green’ plants can be found growing in both exposed and sheltered locations, with quite different light levels and conditions in their native environments.

Phalaenopsis equestris ‘Aparri’ is a small to medium sized orchid species; this particular flowered form originates from the Municipality of Aparri, in the Philippines.  It’s an epiphytic orchid species, that grows upon the branches and trunks of trees, in forested areas.  This form of Phalaenopsis equestris differs from the species in the colour of the plant’s flowers – the lip is a reddish-orange-pink. 

Aerangis hariotiana is a miniature to small sized, epiphytic orchid species that originates from the Comoros Islands, where this orchid can be found growing on trees, in areas of humid forest.

Aerangis hariotiana originates from a group of islands which offer warm to hot growing conditions.  This charming orchid favours growing under indirect, diffused light, in a very humid environment, where the moist air is constantly circulating around the plant. 

Aerangis somalensis is a small sized, epiphytic orchid species, which can be found growing in various locations.  Plants grow in both dry areas of woodland, as well as near streams and rivers, in Africa.  The second part of this orchid species’ name – the specific epithet – derives from Somalia where this orchid is from, but this is not the only location where this orchid is found. 

Angraecum aloifolium is an epiphytic orchid species, which is endemic to Madagascar.  This is a small sized orchid species, which produces the most beautiful leaves – they are thick and pitted, and coloured with a jewel like, intense green.  Angraecum aloifolium can be found growing on trees, in areas of dry, deciduous forest in the Mahajanga Province, which can be found in the Northwestern region of Madagascar. 

Ceratostylis pristina, is a newly described species of miniature, epiphytic orchid that originates from the Kalatungan mountain range, in the Philippines.  Ceratostylis pristina, produces beautiful, pure white, crystalline flowers, which at  about 1-2cm (0.5″) are very large in comparison to the size of the plant.  This orchid looks really rather beautiful, it can appear almost magical as the sunlight sparkles over its flowers in the morning.

Macroclinium manabinum is a miniature, epiphytic orchid species, which is endemic to Manabi in Ecuador, where this miniature sized orchid can be found growing upon trees, in forest areas.

Macroclinium manabinum favours growing in areas that enjoy warm to hot temperatures and filtered, diffused light.  This orchid grows in drier conditions than many other orchid species, making this plant a great choice for a drier, less humid environment. 

Phalaenopsis honghenensis is a species of miniature, epiphytic orchid, which originates from China and Thailand, where this orchid species can be found growing on the trunks of mossy, lichen covered trees.

The flowers of Phalaenopsis honghenensis can be variable in colour.  The flowers are fragrant, producing a sweet fragrance, which has quite different, pleasing, yet surprising characteristics and scent notes.

Phalaenopsis honghenensis grows well in intermediate, humid conditions, in indirect, filtered light.  

Angraecum ochraceum is a miniature, epiphytic orchid species, which is endemic to Madagascar.  I’m told that Angraecum ochraceum enjoys a widespread occupation in the mountainous forests and highlands of Eastern Madagascar.  This miniature orchid is often sighted growing on trees in the Antananarivo, Antsiranana Fianarantsoa, Toamasina, and Toliara provinces.

Angraecum ochraceum is a slow growing miniature orchid species, which favours growing in a location where the plant will receive bright, but diffused, indirect light and high humidity.