Family: Moraceae

Countries: Afghanistan, Africa, Asia, Cyprus, Europe, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Middle East, Palestine, Syria, Tadzhikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan

Figs, also known by their botanical name of Ficus carica, are wonderfully beautiful shrubs or trees, that produce delicious, parthenocarpic fruits in summer and early autumn.  In the UK, figs grown outdoors produce one crop of figs a year, but when the same fig plant is grown in warmer climates it can crop at least twice a year.

Fig shrubs or trees are very attractive, their large, beautiful leaves are very handsome indeed, these plants can add a pleasing character and charm to the garden.

Figs grow better when their roots are restricted.  This necessary restriction can be achieved by growing figs in containers.  Alternatively, if you wish to plant your fig directly in the ground: dig your planting hole, then place paving slabs into the planting hole, add some soil or compost, then plant your fig, before filling with soil or compost, this will limit the area that the plant’s roots can access.

When cut, pruned or damaged, figs readily produce a white latex, this is a skin irritant.  It’s important to protect yourself when pruning or tending to your fig shrubs or trees, wear gloves and protect your arms, legs, protect all of your skin and wash thoroughly afterwards.

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