Family: Fabaceae

Countries: Africa, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Europe, France, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Liberia, Mediterranean, Middle East, Romania, Turkey

Peas (also known by their botanical name, Pisum sativum) are annual vegetables from the Fabaceae or Leguminosae (Legume) family.  These climbing plants produce pods filled with peas.  The peas are often the focus for gardeners and cooks, but don’t miss out on the extent of the gourmet delights that peas offer us – as all parts of the pea plant are edible – the shoots, leaves, pea pods, and the peas themselves – they’re all utterly delicious!  Pea shoots have a deliciously, fresh, pea-like flavour; these vegetables make a wonderful addition to salads – they can be used as a tasty garnish and are a delightful accompaniment to any meal.

Depending on the variety, peas vary in height; from pea cultivars that grow to 2.5m (8ft) or more, to peas that grow to just 10cm (4″) tall).  Pea flowers range from white, cream, red, pink, purple, or blue in colour; while pea pods can be green, yellow, or purple coloured.  The peas themselves are usually green, but they can also be yellow.  When dried, the peas turn shades of brown, green, and ochre.

Peas are usually grown from February to June.  Some of the hardier pea varieties can be sown in September.  There are varieties that are better suited to growing in cooler temperatures; although, most pea varieties perform best when they’re sown in springtime.  There are also types of peas that are suited to being sown in May and June.  Happily, I’ve found that pea shoots can be grown at almost any time of year.

Peas thrive in a bright, sunny position; these vegetables will also grow in partial shade.

If you’re growing anything other than dwarf peas, it’s wise to set up a support system before you sow your seeds.  Tall, twiggy sticks and open wire fences make very effective supports for peas – just check that your support is slightly taller than the maximum height of the pea variety you’re growing.

Check the soil when your peas come into flower and water if the soil is dry.  I’ve found that peas grow in any moist but well-drained soil – avoid waterlogged sites.  If your soil is waterlogged, sow your peas in raised beds or grow dwarf peas in containers.

For more articles about edible gardening, please click here.

To see my plant pages and view pictures and information to help you grow a wide range of vegetables, please click here.

To see all my plant pages and discover pictures and advice on growing a vast variety of plants – from plants for pollinators, climbing plants, ferns, orchids, houseplants, scented plants, container plants, roses, perennials, trees, shrubs, annuals, vegetables, fruit, and herbs, please click here.

Articles that mention Peas:

Other articles you might like:

Comments are closed.