Valeriana officinalis

Family: Caprifoliaceae

Countries: Asia, Austria, Bulgaria, Denmark, Europe, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Middle East, Poland, Romania, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

Valeriana officinalis is a herb, known for its relaxing properties – it’s more commonly known as Valerian.  Looking rather like a pale pink flowered Verbena bonariensisValeriana officinalis produces branching stems that hold panicles of tiny star shaped flowers, in the palest shade of dusky pink.  This attractive plant is a magnet for bees and butterflies.

Growing to around Valeriana officinalis 1.5m (5ft) tall, Valerian produces scented flowers, leaves, stems, and roots.

Plant Valeriana officinalis in any moist, well-drained soil.  This herb grows happiest in full sunshine, but plants will also do well in light or partial shade.  Plants self seed freely, so deadhead flowers as they fade, to avoid plants becoming too invasive.

Valeriana officinalis plants are hardy down to around -10C (14F).  Plants are much less likely to survive the winter, if they are grown in continually waterlogged soil.

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